POLICY BACKGROUND/PHILOSOPHY: Policy debater for West Bend East (WBE) 1978-1982. Started/coached team (mid 1980's) at U.S. high school on NATO base in Iceland while stationed there, for students of U.S. military members stationed there with their families. Did not debate in college. Assistant coach at WBE in mid 1990's for policy and LD. Have judged state (policy and LD) and national (LD) finals. 30 plus years experience. Currently not coaching. POLICY PREFERENCES: Not a fan of speed or speed/spread. Prefer quality over quantity. Prefer C-X where each debater asks/answers their own questions, respectively. Tag team not encouraged or rewarded. Stock issues can win a round for either side. Definitions and referencing resolution preferred over esoteric, non-unique arguments. Fundamental clash must exist. Not a big fan of counterplans, although they can win and are sometimes useful, depending on what Affirmative is presenting. A counter-plan must be non-topical. Very limited critiques are okay. Theory or conditional arguments of any kind need not be offered. Again, STOCK issues are best bet.

LINCOLN-DOUGLAS BACKGROUND/PHILOSOPHY: Policy debater for West Bend East (WBE) 1978-1982. Started/coached team (mid 1980's) at U.S. high school on NATO base in Iceland while stationed there, for students of U.S. military members stationed there with their families. Did not debate in college. Assistant coach at WBE in mid 1990's for policy and LD. Have judged state (policy and LD) and national finals (LD). 30 plus years experience. Currently not coaching. LINCOLN-DOUGLAS PREFERENCES: Speed has no place in LD. It's all about persuasion and each debater's ability to demonstrate a superior approach to their side of the resolution. On balance, debater who best achieves value or value(s) through criterion fulfillment in their world wins. NO counterplans in LD. Offer framework justification as well as critique and key voting issue(s).